Historical Events

14 Apr 1028
German emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III king
14 Apr 1191
85-year old Giacinto Bobo becomes Pope Coelestinus III
14 Apr 1341
Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo.
14 Apr 1434
The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes France is laid
14 Apr 1471
Wars of the Roses Battle of Barnet - Yorkists defeat the Lancastrians and kill the Earl of Warwick
14 Apr 1544
Battle at Carignano French troops under Earl dEnghien beat Swiss
14 Apr 1570
Polish Calvinists Lutherians and Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
14 Apr 1574
Battle of Mookerhei - DAvila beats Louis of Nassau
14 Apr 1611
Word telescope is 1st used by Prince Federico Cesi
14 Apr 1671
Cossacks capture Russian peasant leader Stenka Razin
14 Apr 1699
Khalsa Birth of Khalsa the brotherhood of the Sikh religion in Northern India in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar
14 Apr 1756
Governor Glen of South Carolina protests against 900 Acadia indians
14 Apr 1775
1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia
14 Apr 1828
British 18-gun sloop HMS Acorn sinks off Halifax with 115 men aboard
14 Apr 1831
Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester England cause it to collapse.
14 Apr 1847
Persia & Ottoman Turkey sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
14 Apr 1849
Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader
14 Apr 1860
1st Pony Express rider arrives in San Francisco from St Joseph Missouri
14 Apr 1861
Formal Union surrender of Fort Sumter (US Civil War)
14 Apr 1863
William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
14 Apr 1868
SC voters approved constitution 70758 to 27228
14 Apr 1871
Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars cents & mills
14 Apr 1872
Dominion Lands Act passed Canadas Homestead Act
14 Apr 1881
The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight in El Paso Texas.
14 Apr 1883
Leo Delibes opera Lakm premieres in Paris
14 Apr 1887
Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure Reigate Squires (BG)
14 Apr 1890
Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Washington D.C.)
14 Apr 1895
1st performance of Gustav Mahlers (incomplete) 2nd Symphony
14 Apr 1903
Dr Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid (NYC)
14 Apr 1913
Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
14 Apr 1914
Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern
14 Apr 1915
As Herb Pennock is within 1 out of pitching 1st Opening Day no-hitter
14 Apr 1915
Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
14 Apr 1917
Chicago White Sox Ed Cicotte no-hits St Louis Browns 11-0
14 Apr 1918
Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
14 Apr 1921
NHL Championship Ottawa Senators sweep Toronto St Patricks in 2 games
14 Apr 1921
Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
14 Apr 1922
Republic rebels occupies 4 government courts in Dublin
14 Apr 1923
Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 meters
14 Apr 1925
1st regular-season Cubs game to be broadcast on radio (WGN)
14 Apr 1927
The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg Sweden
14 Apr 1928
Maddus Airlines starts 1st regular passenger flights between SF & LA
14 Apr 1928
Stanley Cup Final Montreal Forum Montreal Quebec In only their 2nd season in the NHL New York Rangers beat Montreal Maroons 2-1 for a 3-2 series win
14 Apr 1930
Philip Barrys Hotel Universe premieres in NYC
14 Apr 1931
Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
14 Apr 1931
Stanley Cup Final Montreal Forum Montreal Quebec Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks 2-0 for a 3-2 series win Canadiens back-to-back Championships
14 Apr 1935
Black Sunday Severe sandstorm ravages the US Midwest creating the Dust Bowl
14 Apr 1940
RCA demonstrated its new electron microscope in Philadelphia
14 Apr 1941
1st massive German raid in Paris 3600 Jews rounded up
14 Apr 1941
45th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson in 23038 his third victory in the event
14 Apr 1942
Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast
14 Apr 1943
James Gow & A dUsseaus Tomorrow the World premieres in NYC
14 Apr 1943
A JN-25 decrypt by American intelligence detailing a forthcoming visit by Marshal Admiral Yamamoto to Balalae Island results in his plane shot down 4 days later
14 Apr 1944
1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
14 Apr 1944
Freighter Fort Stikene explodes in Bombay India killing 1376
14 Apr 1944
General Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force
14 Apr 1945
American planes bomb Tokyo & damage the Imperial Palace
14 Apr 1945
World War II US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
14 Apr 1945
US forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
14 Apr 1946
Day Before Spring closes at National Theater NYC after 167 performances
14 Apr 1946
Manager Mel Ott of Giants hits 511th & final HR
14 Apr 1948
A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon
14 Apr 1948
NYC subway fares jump from 5 cents to 10 cents
14 Apr 1948
Stanley Cup Final Olympia Stadium Detroit MI Toronto Maple Leafs go back-to-back with a 7-2 win over Detroit Red Wings for a 4-0 series sweep
14 Apr 1949
International Military Tribunal at Nurembergs last judgment
14 Apr 1953
WHYN (now WGGB) TV channel 40 in Springfield-Holyoke MA (ABC) begins
14 Apr 1954
Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov asks for politics asylum in Canberra
14 Apr 1955
Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform
14 Apr 1955
Stanley Cup Final Olympia Stadium Detroit MI Detroit Red Wings win back-to-back titles beat Montreal Canadiens 3-1 for a 4-3 series victory
14 Apr 1955
WBRZ TV channel 2 in Baton Rouge LA (ABCNBC) begins broadcasting
14 Apr 1956
Silk Stockings closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 461 performances
14 Apr 1956
Plain & Fancy closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 476 performances
14 Apr 1956
Ampex Corp demonstrates 1st commercial videotape recorder
14 Apr 1957
Leah Neuberger wins her 8th womens singles ping pong championship
14 Apr 1958
Sputnik 2 (with dog Laika) burns up in atmosphere
14 Apr 1959
(Robert) Taft Memorial Bell Tower dedicated in Washington D.C.
14 Apr 1959
KDIN TV channel 11 in Des Moines IA (PBS) begins broadcasting
14 Apr 1960
Bye Bye Birdie opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 607 performances
14 Apr 1960
Stanley Cup Final Maple Leaf Gardens Toronto ON Montreal Canadiens beat Toronto Maple Leafs 4-0 for a 4 game sweep 5th consecutive title
14 Apr 1961
1st live television broadcast from Soviet Union
14 Apr 1961
Cuban-American invasion army departs Nicaragua
14 Apr 1962
Demonstration for sovereign status of New-Guinea in Amsterdam
14 Apr 1962
France retains the Five Nations Rugby Championship with an 11-0 win over Ireland at Stade Colombes Paris
14 Apr 1964
Sandy Koufax throws his 9th complete game without allowing a walk
14 Apr 1967
Red Sox rookie Billy Rohome comes within 1 strike of a no hitter at
14 Apr 1967
Yankee Stadium Elston Howard singles on a 3-2 pitch
14 Apr 1968
1st NBA game at Madison Sq Garden Knicks beat SD Clippers
14 Apr 1968
32nd US Masters Tournament Augusta National GC Bob Goalby shoots a final round 66 (-6) to win his only major title 1 stroke ahead of Roberto De Vicenzo who has his card famously marked incorrectly
14 Apr 1969
1st major league baseball game outside US played (Montreal Canada)
14 Apr 1969
KEET TV channel 13 in Eureka CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
14 Apr 1969
Student Afro-American Society seized at Columbia College
14 Apr 1969
Tornado strikes Dacca East Pakistan killing 540
14 Apr 1970
Boy Friend opens at Ambassador Theater NYC for 119 performances
14 Apr 1971
Fort Point San Francisco dedicated as a national historic site
14 Apr 1971
President Nixon ends blockade against Peoples Republic of China
14 Apr 1971
Supreme Court upheld busing as means of achieving racial desegregation
14 Apr 1972
Thats Entertainment opens at Edison Theater NYC for 4 performances
14 Apr 1972
The Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes twenty-four bombs in towns and cities across Northern Ireland
14 Apr 1973
Acting FBI director L Patrick Gray resigns after admitting he destroyed evidence in the Watergate scandal
14 Apr 1973
Ireland edges France 6-4 at Lansdowne Road Dublin to create a 5-way tie for the Five Nations Rugby Championship each nation wins their 2 home matches
14 Apr 1977
US Supreme Court says people may refuse to display state motto on license
14 Apr 1978
Korean Air Lines Boeing 707 fired on by Soviets crashes in Russia
14 Apr 1978
WRR-AM in Dallas Texas changes call letters to KAAM
14 Apr 1978
Thousands of Georgians demonstrate in the captial Tbilisi against Soviet attempts to change the constitutional status of the Georgian language
14 Apr 1979
Susan Horvath of Penn crowned Americas Young Woman of the Year
14 Apr 1980
1st Cubans of the Mariel boatlift sail to Florida
14 Apr 1981
1st Space Shuttle Columbia 1 returns to Earth
14 Apr 1983
NY Islanders tie own record with 2 shorthanded playoff goals (vs NY Rangers)
14 Apr 1984
Farewell concert of Doe Maar in Den Bosch Neth
14 Apr 1985
Take Me Along openscloses at Martin Beck Theater NYC
14 Apr 1985
49th US Masters Tournament Augusta National GC Bernhard Langer wins by 2 strokes from Seve Ballesteros Curtis Strange & Raymond Floyd first German champion
14 Apr 1985
Ahmed Salah wins 1st World Cup marathon (20809)
14 Apr 1985
Bob Carpenter is unsuccessful on Wash Caps 1st playoff penalty shot
14 Apr 1985
Jack C Burcham is 5th to receive Jarvik 7 permanent artificial heart
14 Apr 1986
21st Academy of Country Music Awards Alabama George Strait and Reba McEntire win
14 Apr 1986
Double-decker ferry sinks in stormy weather in Bangladesh killing 200
14 Apr 1986
US aircraft attacks 5 terrorist locations in Libya
14 Apr 1988
Mail opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 36 performances
14 Apr 1988
Devils 6-5 over Islanders-Devils take 1st round 4-2
14 Apr 1988
USSR US Pakistan & Afghanistan sign Afghanistan treaty
14 Apr 1989
In the Iran-Contra trial Oliver Norths case goes to the jury
14 Apr 1991
Mule Bone closes at Ethel Barrymore Theater NYC after 67 performances
14 Apr 1991
Oh Kay closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC
14 Apr 1991
55th US Masters Tournament Augusta National GC Welshman Ian Woosnam wins his only major title 1 stroke ahead of Jos Mara Olazbal 4th straight year the Masters champion is from the UK
14 Apr 1991
Chic Blackhawks becomes 1st NHL regular season champion in 20 years to lose in 1st round of the playoffs (To Minn North Stars)
14 Apr 1992
Guys & Dolls opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 1143 performances
14 Apr 1992
Les Miserables opens at Palace Theatre Manchester
14 Apr 1992
Court throws out Apples lawsuit against Microsoft
14 Apr 1992
UAW ends 5 month strike against Caterpillar Inc
14 Apr 1994
NJ Devils end best regular season 47-25-12 record for 106 points
14 Apr 1994
US F-15 accidentally shoots 2 US helicopters down over Iraq 26 die
14 Apr 1994
Branch Davidian cult leader David Koresh promises to surrender after completion of his Seven Seals manuscript
14 Apr 1995
India beats Sri Lanka to win the Asia Cricket Cup final in Sharjah
14 Apr 1995
Rosie Jones wins LPGA Pinewild Womens Golf Championship
14 Apr 1996
Apple Doesnt Fall opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 1 performance
14 Apr 1996
60th US Masters Tournament Augusta National GC Englishman Nick Faldo wins his 3rd Masters and 6th and final major title 5 strokes ahead of Greg Norman of Australia
14 Apr 1999
NATO mistakenly bombs a convoy of ethnic Albanian refugees - Yugoslav officials say 75 people are killed.
14 Apr 1999
A severe hailstorm strikes Sydney Australia causing A1.7 billion in insured damages the most costly natural disaster in Australian history.
14 Apr 2002
66th US Masters Tournament Augusta National GC Tiger Woods becomes the 3rd player to claim back-to-back Masters 3 strokes ahead of Retief Goosen of South Africa
14 Apr 2003
The Human Genome Project is completed with 99% of the human genome sequenced to an accuracy of 99.99%
14 Apr 2003
U.S. troops in Baghdad capture Abu Abbas leader of the Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner the Achille Lauro in 1985
14 Apr 1361
Henry of Grosmont the richest peer in England is buried at the Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady of Newarke Leicester with the royal family in attendance
14 Apr 1570
Polish Calvinists Lutherans and Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
14 Apr 1903
Dr Harry Plotz discovers a vaccine against typhoid (NYC)
14 Apr 1917
Chicago White Sox pitcher Ed Cicotte no-hits St Louis Browns 11-0
14 Apr 1925
First regular-season Chicago Cubs game broadcast on radio (WGN) by caller Quin Ryan Cubs beat Pittsburgh Pirates 8-2
14 Apr 1935
Black Sunday Severe dust storm ravages the US Midwest led to the region being named the Dust Bowl
14 Apr 1955
26-year-old catcheroutfielder Elston Howard becomes first African-American to play for NY Yankees hits single with 1 RBI in 8-4 loss to Boston Red Sox
14 Apr 1962
Demonstration for sovereign status of New Guinea in Amsterdam
14 Apr 1968
First NBA game at New Yorks iconic Madison Square Garden NY Knicks beat San Diego Rockets 114-102
14 Apr 1969
First regular-season MLB game played outside the United States Montreal Expos beat St. Louis Cardinals 8-7 at Parc Jarry Montreal
14 Apr 1978
Thousands of Georgians demonstrate in the capital Tbilisi against Soviet attempts to change the constitutional status of the Georgian language
14 Apr 2005
The Oregon Supreme Court nullifies marriage licenses issued to gay couples a year earlier by Multnomah County.
14 Apr 1574
Battle of Mookerheyde - Spanish forces of DAvila defeat Dutch mercenary force led by Louis of Nassau
14 Apr 1863
American inventor William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
14 Apr 1904
NY Highlanders future Baseball HOF pitcher Jack Chesbros first of 41 wins this season pitches complete game and beats Boston Americans 8-2 at Hilltop Park NYC
14 Apr 1914
Dr. Harry Plotz isolates the bacteria that causes Typhus Fever (Mt. Sinai Hospital New York City)
14 Apr 1931
Spain becomes a republic with the overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
14 Apr 1945
US Marines attack Yae-Take the tallest mountain on Okinawas Motobu Peninsula
14 Apr 1969
Tornado strikes Dacca East Pakistan killing 540
14 Apr 1971
US Supreme Court upheld busing as means of achieving racial desegregation
14 Apr 1973
Acting FBI director L. Patrick Gray resigns after admitting he destroyed evidence in the Watergate scandal
14 Apr 1978
David Hares play Plenty premieres in London
14 Apr 1985
Jack C. Burcham is 5th to receive Jarvik 7 permanent artificial heart
14 Apr 2007
160th Grand National 331 shot Silver Birch ridden by Robbie Power edges out McKelvey to win by three-quarters of a length
14 Apr 1883
Leo Delibes opera Lakm premieres with the Opra-Comique at the Salle Favart in Paris
14 Apr 1896
US Patent Office issues Patent No. 558393 to Dr John Harvey Kellogg of Battle Creek Michigan for flaked cereal and process of making same
14 Apr 1922
Irish Republican Army rebels occupy the Four Courts (government buildings) in Dublin
14 Apr 1932
Worlds first particle accelerator built by Ernest Walton and John Cockcroft performs the first artificial nuclear fission with Lithium at Cambridge University [1]
14 Apr 1960
American songwriter and impresario Berry Gordy Jr. incorporates Motown Records in Detroit Michigan
14 Apr 1984
Farewell concert of Dutch pop-ska band Doe Maar at Maasport in Den Bosch Netherlands
14 Apr 1914
Dr. Harry Plotz isolates the bacteria that causes Typhus Fever at Mt. Sinai Hospital New York City
14 Apr 1930
Philip Barrys play Hotel Universe premieres in NYC
14 Apr 1935
Black Sunday dust storm ravages the US Midwest leading to the region being named the Dust Bowl
14 Apr 1959
KDIN TV channel 11 in Des Moines Iowa (PBS) begins broadcasting
14 Apr 1981
The first Space Shuttle Columbia 1 returns to Earth after 2 days and 6 hours in space
14 Apr 1985
Bob Carpenter is unsuccessful on Washington Capitals 1st playoff penalty shot
14 Apr 1988
NHL playoffs New Jersey Devils win 6-5 over NY Islanders to take 1st round 4-2
14 Apr 2010
Icelandic Volcano Eyjafjallajkull begins erupting from the top crater in the centre of the glacier
14 Apr 2013
11 people are killed and 50 are injured after a hotel fire in Xiangyang China
14 Apr 2013
20 people are killed in attacks in Mogadishu Somalia
14 Apr 2013
33 people are killed after a bus tumbled off a cliff in Trujillo Peru
14 Apr 2015
Archaeologists announce they have found at Lomekwi in Kenya 3.3 million-year old stone tools the oldest ever discovered and which pre-date the earliest humans
14 Apr 2017
Meethotamulla rubbish dump collapses onto houses in Colombo Sri Lanka killing 26
14 Apr 2018
National Gardening Day since and according to the National Day Calendar
14 Apr 2018
US UK and French forces carry out airstrikes on sites associated with Syrias chemical weapons program in response to Douma gas attack
14 Apr 2019
11 tornadoes hit US southern states killing eight in Mississippi Texas and Louisiana
14 Apr 2019
Seychelles President Danny Faure makes first-ever live speech from a submersible pleading for better marine protection