Historical Events

25 Jul 1261
Constantinople recaptured by Nicaean forces under Alexios Strategopoulos for Emperor Michael VIII re-establishing Byzantine Empire
25 Jul 1521
About 300 heretics burned in Vrijdagmarkt Gent
25 Jul 1536
Sebastin de Belalczar on his search of El Dorado founds the City of Santiago de Cali
25 Jul 1538
The City of Guayaquil is founded by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana and given the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil
25 Jul 1564
Maximilian II succeeds his father Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor
25 Jul 1567
Don Diego de Losada founds the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas modern-day Caracas the capital city of Venezuela
25 Jul 1570
Battle of Arnay-le-Duc Burgundy Huguenot victory forces Charles IX of France to agree to a peace treaty that ends the Third War of Religion
25 Jul 1652
Nikita Minin becomes patriarch of Russian Orthodox Church
25 Jul 1670
Austrian Emperor Leopold I expels 4000 Jews from Vienna
25 Jul 1670
Don Juan Domingo Zuniga y Fonseca becomes governor-general of Southern Netherlands
25 Jul 1693
Ignacio de Maya founds the Real Santiago de las Sabinas now known as Sabinas Hidalgo Nuevo Len Mxico
25 Jul 1722
The Three Years War begins along the Maine and Massachusetts border
25 Jul 1745
Jacoibite Rising Bonnie Prince Charlie lands on Eriskay Hebrides
25 Jul 1758
Seven Years War the island battery at Fortress Louisbourg in Nova Scotia is silenced and all French warships are destroyed or taken
25 Jul 1759
British capture Fort Niagara from French (7 Years War)
25 Jul 1792
The Brunswick Manifesto issued to population of Paris promising vengeance if French Royal Family harmed
25 Jul 1795
The first stone of the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct is laid
25 Jul 1814
Battle of Niagara Falls (Lundys Lane) Americans defeat British
25 Jul 1830
Charles X signs the July Ordinances suspending freedom of the press among other effects
25 Jul 1832
1st railroad accident in US Granite Railway Quincy Massachusetts kills 1
25 Jul 1835
Ibrahim Pashas army attacks Jewish settlers of Hebron Palestine
25 Jul 1837
The first commercial use of an electric telegraph successfully demonstrated by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone between Euston and Camden Town in London
25 Jul 1848
1st battle at Custozza Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
25 Jul 1853
Joaquin Murrieta the famous Californian bandit known as Robin Hood of El Dorado is killed by California Rangers
25 Jul 1860
1st US intercollegiate billiard match (Harvard vs Yale)
25 Jul 1861
Washington D.C. - Crittenden resolution is passed stating that the war is to be fought to preserve union and uphold the Constitution not to alter slavery
25 Jul 1861
Skirmish at Fort Fillmore New Mexico Territory - Rebels attack Union troops
25 Jul 1866
25th US Postmaster General Alexander W Randall of Wisconsin takes office
25 Jul 1866
David Faragut appointed as 1st admiral in US Navy
25 Jul 1868
US Congress forms Wyoming Territory (Dakota Utah & Idaho)
25 Jul 1871
Carousel patented by Wilhelm Schneider Davenport Iowa
25 Jul 1897
Writer Jack London sails to join the Klondike Gold Rush where he will write his first successful stories
25 Jul 1898
1st US troops land & occupy Puerto Rico at Guanica Bay
25 Jul 1900
Gilbert Jessop hits his 2nd 100 before lunch in same cricket match
25 Jul 1901
Emily Hobhouse addresses public meetings in Britain on the concentration camps during the South African War
25 Jul 1903
Castle on top of Telegraph Hil San Francisco closes
25 Jul 1908
Ajinomoto Co. is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers a key ingredient in Konbu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG) patents a process for manufacturing it.
25 Jul 1909
Frances Louis Bleriot makes 1st airplane flight across English Channel
25 Jul 1913
Carl Weilman strikes out 6 times in a 15 inning game
25 Jul 1913
Pirates Max Carey goes hitless but scores 5 runs against Phillies
25 Jul 1913
A meeting in Johannesburg called by the South African Native National Congress now African National Congress is attended by a large number of people from South Africa Botswana Lesotho and Swaziland
25 Jul 1914
Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares No German blood for Austrian tyrant in response to German support of Austria-Hungary
25 Jul 1914
Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungarys ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply though Serbia is mobilizing
25 Jul 1916
Explosion at Lake Erie and Cleveland Waterworks
25 Jul 1917
Sir Thomas Whyte introduces the first income tax in Canada as a temporary measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).
25 Jul 1918
Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US California
25 Jul 1918
Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks and 2 whites killed)
25 Jul 1920
Red Sox turn triple-play but Ruths 35th HR leads Yanks to 8-2 win
25 Jul 1922
AT&T begins broadcasting on WBAY (NYC-later WEAF WNBC WRCA & WFAN)
25 Jul 1930
Philadelphia Athletics triple steal in 1st and 4th innings vs Cleveland
25 Jul 1937
31st Tour de France won by Roger Lapebie of France
25 Jul 1938
Revolutionary offensive of Ebro Spain (Hollander Piet)
25 Jul 1939
5th and last Dutch government of Colijn forms
25 Jul 1939
NY Yankee Atley Donald sets AL rookie record with 12 consecutive win
25 Jul 1940
John Sigmund begins swimming for 89 hrs 46 mins in the Mississippi River
25 Jul 1941
Red Sox Lefty Grove becomes 12th to win 300 games (his last victory)
25 Jul 1943
1st warship named after an African American launched - USS Leonard Roy Harmon a Buckley class destroyer
25 Jul 1943
RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam
25 Jul 1944
1st jet fighter used in combat (Messerschmitt 262)
25 Jul 1944
Operation Cobra US forces begin major offensive in Normandy with air bombardment
25 Jul 1944
World War II Operation Spring - one of Canadas bloodiest days 18444 casualties and 5021 killed
25 Jul 1946
US detonates underwater A-bomb at Bikini (5th atomic explosion)
25 Jul 1948
35th Tour de France won by Gino Bartali of Italy
25 Jul 1952
Puerto Rico becomes a self-governing US commonwealth (Constitution Day)
25 Jul 1953
NYC transit fare rises from 10 cents to 15 cents 1st use of subway tokens
25 Jul 1956
38th PGA Championship Jack Burke at Blue Hill CC Boston
25 Jul 1957
Monarchy in Tunisia abolished in favor of a republic
25 Jul 1957
Peter Loader takes a cricket hat-trick for England v WI at Headingley
25 Jul 1958
The African Regroupment Party (PRA) holds its first congress in Cotonou.
25 Jul 1959
SR-N1 hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais to Dover in just over 2 hours.
25 Jul 1967
Construction begins on San Francisco MUNI METRO (Market Street subway)
25 Jul 1960
Companie Industrielle et Forestere (Indufor) forms in Brussels
25 Jul 1963
Belgian Senate accept Law on language regulations
25 Jul 1963
US Russia & Britain sign nuclear Test ban treaty
25 Jul 1964
Heres Love closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 338 performances
25 Jul 1964
Beatles album A Hard Days Night goes 1 stays 1 for 14 weeks
25 Jul 1966
Brian Jones final perfomance as a Rolling Stone
25 Jul 1966
Yankee manager Casey Stengel elected to Hall of Fame
25 Jul 1969
Edward Kennedy pleads guilty to leaving scene of an accident a week after the Chappaquiddick car accident that killed Mary Jo Kopechne
25 Jul 1970
(They Long to Be) Close to You sung by the Carpenters reaches 1
25 Jul 1972
43rd MLB All Star Game Atlanta Stadium Atlanta GA NL beats AL 4-3 MVP Joe Morgan Cincinnati Reds 2B
25 Jul 1972
US health officials concede African American were used as guinea pigs in 40 year syphilis experiment
25 Jul 1978
Robert Granville Bob Lemon replaces Billy Martin as Yankee manager
25 Jul 1981
Anti-apartheid protesters in Hamilton New Zealand force the cancellation of a rugby test between New Zealands All Blacks and South Africas Springboks by invading the pitch during the game
25 Jul 1982
20th Tennis Fed Cup USA beats Germany in Santa Clara USA (3-0)
25 Jul 1982
69th Tour de France won by Bernard Hinault of France
25 Jul 1982
Zail Singh is sworn in as the seventh President of India
25 Jul 1983
1st non-human primate (baboon) conceived in a lab dish San Antonio
25 Jul 1983
Washington Public Power Supply System defaulted 2.25 billion
25 Jul 1983
US Senior Open Mens Golf Hazeltine National GC Billy Casper wins with birdie on first extra hole after an 18-hole playoff with Rod Funseth
25 Jul 1984
Cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya becomes 1st woman to walk in space
25 Jul 1985
Spokeswoman for Rock Hudson confirms he has AIDS
25 Jul 1986
Sikhs extremist kill 16 hindus in Muhktsar India
25 Jul 1987
Sherri Martel beats Fabulous Moolah for WWF Womans Championship Belt
25 Jul 1987
USSR launches Kosmos 1870 15-ton Earth-study satellite
25 Jul 1987
R. Venkataraman becomes the eighth President of India
25 Jul 1988
Mindy Duncan 16 of Oregon crowned 6th Miss Teen USA
25 Jul 1989
Brandi Sherwood of Idaho crowned 7th Miss Teen USA
25 Jul 1990
Les Miserables opens at Princess Elizabeth Theatre Vancouver
25 Jul 1990
Nadezhda Ryashkina of USSR sets 10K walk womans record (4156.23)
25 Jul 1990
US Ambassador tells Iraq US wont take sides in Iraq-Kuwait dispute
25 Jul 1991
Howard Stern adds a 4th radio market (KLSX FM-97.1 Los Angeles)
25 Jul 1991
Seattle Jay Buhner hits a 479 HR in Yankee Stadium
25 Jul 1991
Pittsburgh Steelers guard Terry Long treated for an apparent suicide attempt after he learned he tested positive for steroid use
25 Jul 1992
Army refused to overturn 127 year old conviction against Dr Mudd
25 Jul 1993
31st Tennis Fed Cup Spain beats Australia in Frankfurt Germany (3-0)
25 Jul 1993
US Open Womens Golf Crooked Stick GC Lauri Merten fires a final round 68 (4) to win her lone major title 1 stroke ahead of runners-up Donna Andrews and Helen Alfredsson
25 Jul 1993
Israeli offensive against terrorist bases in South Lebanon
25 Jul 1993
The St James Church massacre in Kenilworth Cape Town by Azanian Peoples Liberation Army
25 Jul 1993
Tour de France Spaniard Miguel Indurin makes it 3 straight Tour titles Djamolidine Abdoujaparov points winner
25 Jul 1993
Federation Cup Womens Tennis Frankfurt Germany Spain wins 2nd title with 3-0 win over Australia Arantxa Snchez Vicario clinches victory with 6-2 6-3 win against Nicole Provis
25 Jul 1994
Jordan and Israeli end 46 year state of war (Washington D.C.)
25 Jul 1995
A gas bottle explodes in Saint Michel station of line B of the RER (Paris regional train network). Eight are killed and 80 wounded.
25 Jul 1996
Kim LaPlante of Washington state crowned Mrs United States
25 Jul 1997
Carroll OConnor found not guilty of slandering Harry Perzigian
25 Jul 1997
Howard Stern is fired from radio station KEGL Dallas
25 Jul 1997
QB Brett Favre re-signs with Green Bay Packers for 50M for 7 yrs
25 Jul 1997
Rocker Rick Danko gets suspended sentence in Japan for drug smuggling
25 Jul 1997
Vincent The Chin Gigante found guilty of racketeering in NYC
25 Jul 1997
K. R. Narayanan is sworn-in as Indias 10th president and the first Dalit formerly called untouchable to hold the office
25 Jul 1997
Scientists announce the first human stem cells to be cultured in a laboratory using tissue taken from aborted human embryos
25 Jul 2000
Air France Flight 4590 a Concorde supersonic passenger jet F-BTSC crashes just after takeoff from Paris killing all 109 aboard and 4 on the ground.
25 Jul 2001
Faced with declining oil prices OPEC ministers agree to cut crude oil production quotas by about 4% or 1 million barrels per day
25 Jul 2002
17th Commonwealth Games open in Manchester England
25 Jul 2004
91st Tour de France no winner (Lance Armstrong disqualified)
25 Jul 2004
British Open Senior Mens Golf Royal Portrush Pete Oakley wins by 1 stroke from fellow American Tom Kite and Eduardo Romero of Argentina
25 Jul 2004
Copa Amrica Final Estadio Nacional Lima Brazil beats Argentina 4-2 on penalties 2-2 after extra time
25 Jul 2007
Pratibha Patil is sworn in as Indias 1st female President
25 Jul 1900
Gloucestershire captain Gilbert Jessop hits his second century (139 in 95 minutes) before lunch in same County Cricket match (104 previous day) Yorkshire wins by 40 runs
25 Jul 1913
Pittsburgh Pirates future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Max Carey scores 5 runs without a hit reaching first base on an error and 4 walks as the Bucs beat Philadelphia Phillies 12-2
25 Jul 1939
New York Yankees starting pitcher Atley Donald sets American League rookie record for consecutive wins beats St. Louis Browns 5-1 for his 12th straight victory
25 Jul 1940
American John Sigmund begins swimming for 89 hours 46 minutes from St. Louis to Caruthersville Missouri in the Mississippi River 292 miles longest solo swim of all time
25 Jul 1941
41-year-old Lefty Grove wins his 300th and final MLB career game as the Boston Red Sox defeat Cleveland Indians 10-6 at Fenway Park
25 Jul 1948
35th Tour de France Italian cyclist Gino Bartali wins both general and mountain classifications for the second time (1938)
25 Jul 1964
Australian cricket captain and opening batsman Bob Simpson hits 311 v England in the drawn 4th Test in Manchester
25 Jul 1999
British Senior Open Mens Golf Royal Portrush GC Irishman Christy OConnor Jr wins by 3 strokes from John Bland of South Africa
25 Jul 2004
British Senior Open Mens Golf Royal Portrush Pete Oakley wins by 1 stroke from fellow American Tom Kite and Eduardo Romero of Argentina
25 Jul 2010
97th Tour de France won by Andy Schleck of Luxembourg
25 Jul 1510
Spanish conquest of Tripoli by Pedro Navarro for Aragon crown over 3000 killed and more than 5000 inhabitants enslaved
25 Jul 1946
US detonates an underwater atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands (5th atomic explosion)
25 Jul 1966
Brian Jones final performance as a Rolling Stone
25 Jul 1969
70000 attend Seattle Pop Festival (across 3 days) performers included Bo Diddley Flying Burrito Brothers Ten Years After Guess Who Santana Tim Buckley Byrds Ike & Tina Turner Revue Chicago Transit Authority Chuck Berry Led Zeppelin and The Doors
25 Jul 1120
Large fire in church of Saint Madeleine of Vzelay France kills a thousand pilgrims and seriously damages the church
25 Jul 1446
Foundation stone laid for Kings College Chapel in Cambridge by King Henry VI one of Englands finest medieval buildings (main structure complete 1515) [1]
25 Jul 1997
Rocker Rick Danko (The Band) gets suspended sentence in Japan for drug smuggling
25 Jul 1609
Admiral George Somers scuttles the Sea Venture in eastern Bermuda the storm damaged flagship of the London Company bound for Jamestown Virginia. Survivors construct two new ships and continue on to re-supply the embattled colony.
25 Jul 1939
5th and last Dutch government of Prime Minister Hendriku Colijn forms
25 Jul 1961
Roger Maris hits home runs 37 38 39 & 40 off of 4 Chicago White Sox pitchers in a doubleheader at Yankee Stadium NYC
25 Jul 1964
Meredith Wilsons musical Heres Love based on thefil Miracle on 34th Street. closes at Shubert Theater NYC. after 338 performances
25 Jul 1976
Philip Glass and Robert Wilsons opera Einstein on the Beach premieres at Thtre Municipal in Avignon France
25 Jul 1981
Anti-apartheid protesters in Hamilton New Zealand force the cancellation of a rugby match between the provincial team Waikato and South Africas Springboks by invading the pitch during the game [1]
25 Jul 1997
Canadian rocker Rick Danko (The Band) gets suspended sentence in Japan for drug smuggling
25 Jul 1645
Important Royalist base Scarborough Castle surrenders to parliamentarians after one of the bloodiest sieges of the English Civil War [1]
25 Jul 1814
Battle of Niagara Falls (Lundys Lane) bloodiest battle of the War of 1812 ends in a stalemate between invading American army and Canadian and British forces [1]
25 Jul 1822
Rebellion led by Jos de la Riva-Agero begins in Lima against the local rule of Bernardo de Monteagudo
25 Jul 1975
Marvin Hamlisch and Edward Klebans musical A Chorus Line opens at the Shubert Theatre NYC for record setting longest-running Broadway show run of 6137 performances and 10 Tony Award wins
25 Jul 1992
Army refused to overturn 127-year-old conviction against Dr Mudd
25 Jul 2012
Italys credit rating is downgraded to CCC by Egan-Jones
25 Jul 2012
Ivica Dai is sworn in as Prime Minister of Serbia
25 Jul 2012
The Summer Olympics begin (Opening ceremony 27th)
25 Jul 2012
The double dip recession in the UK economy continues with a fall of 0.7% in GDP in the second quarter of
25 Jul 2012
The UK economy returns to recession with a fall of 0.2% in GDP in the first quarter of following a fall of 0.3% in the last quarter of 2011
25 Jul 2014
Israeli airstrike kills leader of Islamic Jihads military wing Salah Abu Hassanein
25 Jul 2014
Palestinian officials call for a Day of Rage in the West Bank and within Israel against Israels operation against Gaza Israeli Defence Force prepares for protests
25 Jul 2015
UCI BMX Supercross series Niek Kimmann & Stefany Hernandez win the world title
25 Jul 2016
England fast bowler Jimmy Anderson becomes first quick to take 50 wickets against all other 7 major Test cricket-playing nations during 2nd Test against Pakistan in Manchester